This site contains the history and results of the Caroline
County, Virginia Daniel family DNA Project, a sub-project
of the Daniel DNA
Project hosted by Family Tree DNA. The Daniel DNA
Project was founded in 2002 and the first participant was
a descendant (me) of Thomas Daniel 1750-1825 who was born
about 1750 in Virginia and died after 1825 when he last
appears in records in Greene County, Illinois. In 2004 a
match to William Daniel 1765-1840 of Todd County, KY gave
the first support to the hypothesis that Thomas Daniel was
connected to the Daniel family of Caroline County,
Virginia. This connection was originally suggested because
Thomas named one of his sons Walker, a given name used by
some descendants of William Daniel Sr. 1680-1765 of
Caroline County, VA.
William Daniel Sr. 1680-1765 first appears in records in
1707 in Essex County, VA when he witnessed a deed
between Matthew Collins and Robert Marshall on 11 February
1707/8 for land on Peumansend Swamp. Samuel Poe and
William George were also witnesses.
William first purchased land on Portobago Swamp (creek) in Essex County in 1708 from Thomas Tinsley. The deed gives "William Daniell's plantation" as a boundary in the description, so William was possibly already renting or living as a tenant on the land he was purchasing or on adjoining land. It is possible that he was living on land that he owned, but the deed was not recorded until after 1728 when his land was in the part of Essex County cut off into Caroline County. He does not, however, appear on the 1704 Quit Rent rolls of Essex County, a list of landowners. He was married and probably had several children by 1704. William "Daniell" is named as a son-in-law of Robert Williams of Essex County in a deed in 1710, but the first name of William's wife is not known.
William Daniel was gifted land on Beverly's Run, adjoining his 1708 land, in 1712 in the will of his friend Ralph Rutter of Richmond County, VA. William Daniel and Ralph Rutter are both identified as "carpenters" in this will (William Daniel of St. Annes Parish, Carpenter). Rutter had purchased his land in 1710 from Richard Davison who had originally purchased it from Thomas Tinsley on the same day in 1708 when William Daniel purchased his land. William Daniell and Richard Davison witnessed each other's deeds from Tinsley. Rutter is also identified as a carpenter of "St. Maries" Parish in Richmond County in the deed from Richard Davison. Thomas Tinsley was married to Sarah Jackson and Thomas Jackson, who was probably Sarah Tinsley's brother, was mentioned in several deeds with William Daniel in Essex County in the 1720s. Thomas Tinsley was granted this land in 1704 using two headright patents, a portion of which he sold to Daniell and Davison, among others. Tinsley received a certain amount of land for each headright, new person, he brought into the county. Daniell, Rutter and Davison are not listed as headrights in either patent. Richard Davison was married to Katherine Downe in 1690 at Christ Church, Middlesex County, VA. All of the men mentioned, so far, with exception of Ralph Rutter and Samuel Poe, and including William Daniel, were illiterate and signed with their mark.
William purchased several hundred additional acres of land in Essex County before the region where he lived was cut off into Caroline County. He was of St. Ann's Parish until Drysdale Parish was created after Caroline County was created from Essex. Deed and probate records in Caroline County were burned during the Civil War so it becomes impossible to trace William Daniel's land transactions after this time. Some of William's land was purchased from the Berry family of Richmond County, VA and this and his association with Ralph Rutter has given rise to speculation that William Daniel was originally from Richmond County. Richmond and Essex counties were created in 1692 by dividing and dissolving Rappahannock County, which is now known as Old Rappahannock by researchers, since a new Rappahannock County was created in the 19th century. It may be that William's connection is actually to Old Rappahannock County, VA, but his associates fell into both Essex and Richmond Counties after they were created. William's land fell in Drysdale Parish, near the Rappahannock River, in Caroline County, after 1728. The Rappahannock River divided Essex and Richmond Counties and later divided Caroline and Richmond Counties.
William deeded some of his Essex land to "my son-in-law James Lindsay" in February 1719, which suggests that William was married about 1700 and born about 1680. William Daniel owned a grist mill which was first mentioned in the early 1730s as Daniel's Mill or William Daniel's mill and later as John Daniel's Mill and afterwards as White's mill. William Daniel was appointed a constable in Caroline in the 1740s, though this may have been William's son, William Jr. William Daniel was taxed for three newly imported slaves under the age of 16 in 1732. William was a frequent member of grand juries in Caroline County. After his son William Jr. was first mentioned in records, they were often mentioned as William Daniel Jr. and Sr., but it is still often difficult to determine which records belong to William Sr. and which belong to William Jr.
William Daniel's will was presented by his son William Jr. and Thomas Daniel, probably his grandson, in January of 1765, so William probably died in Drysdale Parish, south of Port Royal in Caroline County in December 1764 or early January 1765. He was called William Daniel "the Elder" in this record, as by that time, there were three or four of his adult descendants named William then living. William's will was lost when many Caroline County records, including deed and probate records, were burned during the Civil War. There are no surviving primary records that prove the identities of his children. For many years, though, his was the major Daniel family in Caroline County, Virginia. Much of what is known of the Daniel family in Caroline County, VA comes from the surviving court order books.
many primary records in Caroline County, VA are lost,
it was necessary to use what records remained in
Caroline County, court order books, etc., records in
Essex County, from which Caroline was created, and
records in adjoining Virginia counties, to identify
the potential family of William Daniel 1680-1765 of
Caroline County. The goal was to use Y DNA testing to
prove whether these Daniel lines were related and
connected to William Daniel 1680-1765. In a few cases,
it was possible to trace descendants of these Daniels
back to Caroline County using primary records and in
other cases it was necessary to infer a connection to
Caroline County because these families had Virginia
origins, used given names commonly used by Caroline
County families that were connected to the Daniel
family in that county or had connections to families
that could be traced to Caroline County.
Several Daniel lines with an ancestor who lived in the 18th century and met the desired profile were targeted for this project. Individuals are identified throughout this document by their first and last name and approximate years of birth or death to avoid confusion since some common names were passed down. Daniel lines with a potential Caroline connection descended from the following ancestors:
It was only a couple of years after the start of the
Daniel DNA project that Thomas Daniel 1750-1825 had a
33/37 match to kit #9727 William Daniel 1765-1840 of
Todd County, KY. There is very strong circumstantial
evidence from primary records that William 1765-1840
was closely related to Tabitha Daniel Buckner
1756-1838, who can easily be traced to Caroline
County, VA. Tabitha was the wife of Phillip Buckner
1747-1820, who was prominent in Caroline County, VA
and later prominent in Kentucky. This match strongly
suggested that both of these lines were connected to
William Daniel 1680-1765 of Caroline County, VA,
the major Daniel line in that county for most of the
More Y DNA evidence from other lines that could be
traced to Caroline County was needed to validate this
hypothesis, however, since many records in Caroline
County are lost, and no direct primary record evidence
exists that can identify present day descendants of
William Sr. 1680-1765 of Caroline. I thought it should
be possible, though, to test several Daniel lines that
have Caroline County, VA connections, and if they
matched, we would likely have identified the DNA of
the line of William Daniel 1680-1765 of Caroline
County, VA. This would not, however, prove that these
Daniels were descended from William 1680-1765, only
that they were likely connected to him in some way.
Use of common given names in these lines, for instance
Spilsby, Wyatt, Walker and Coleman, would also support
this conclusion. Sons and daughters of William
1680-1765 are thought to have married into families
with these given names or surnames, which were later
used as given names by their descendants.
Two other major Daniel lines, William of Middlesex and
James of Essex, make appearances in Caroline County
for one or two generations, between 1770 and 1800, but
their DNA has been identified and it differs from the
DNA of the potential descendants of William 1680-1765.
By 1800, the Daniel surname representing William
Daniel Sr. 1680-1765 disappeared from Caroline County
as his direct male descendants migrated to other
Virginia counties and to other states and territories.
Descendants of the direct male line of James Daniel of
Essex remained in Caroline after 1800.
Between 2008 and 2018, Thomas Daniel 1750-1825 and
William Daniel 1765-1840 had six matches to James
Daniel Sr. ca 1732-1800 of Russell County, VA. It
should be noted that the distance from myself to
Thomas Daniel 1750-1825 is only five generations,
while the distances from the descendants of James
Daniel Sr. 1732-1800 is nine or ten generations which
may, in part, account for the variation in results
noted later in this analysis. These results were
provided by five descendants of James' son, James Jr.,
via his sons Thomas and Isom and by one descendant of
James' son Wyatt. Wyatt Daniel eventually settled in
Morgan and Pike Counties, IL adjacent to Greene
County, IL, where Thomas 1750-1825 had settled.
It is uncertain if the two families had contact there,
but descendants of both families lived there at the
same time from the mid 1820s to the present day.
Descendants of James' son, James Jr., settled in Floyd
County, KY not far from where Thomas 1750-1825 settled
when he first came to Kentucky in the 1790s and where
some of his descendants remained. One of the
descendants of Thomas who remained in Montgomery
County, KY named a son Isom which suggests that there
was contact between these families in Kentucky.
Descendants of James 1732-1800 who took DNA tests are:
In 2013 all lines got a match to Kit #320285 John Calvin Daniels 1843-1909. We have not yet been able to tie this line to any of the other matching lines. John Calvin Daniels was born in Tennessee but later moved to Texas. The identity of his parents is not certain, but his father is thought to be a John Daniels 1791-1848 of Perry County, TN.
March of 2015 an unknown Daniel who is not a member
of the Daniel DNA project but has tested with Family
Tree DNA matched all of these lines. This line
tested to 111 markers and is very closely related to
a descendant of James Daniel 1732-1800 and to a
descendant of Thomas Daniel 1750-1825.
late 2015 a second descendant of William Daniel
1765-1840 of Todd County, KY, Kit #B11177, was
located and joined our group taking the 67 marker Y
DNA test, matching our first participant from this
line exactly on 37 markers. Our first participant
from this line became inactive several years
ago and had named no beneficiary for his DNA so no
results beyond 37 markers were available for this
line until the second member of this family
made them available.
opportunity to further test the hypothesis that
these lines were connected to William Daniel
1680-1765 of Caroline County, VA came in 2015 when I
was able to locate a descendant of John Daniel
1730-1800 of Caroline County, VA and Jefferson
and Shelby Counties, KY, Kit #445720. The 1792 will
(proved in 1797) of John's son Robert names his
father and siblings as do earlier deeds around the
estate of John's son Walker Daniel 1750-1784 who was
the first Attorney General of Kentucky. John's son,
Thomas, married Mary Snead/Sneed and through the
estate records of her father, Benjamin Snead, it is
possible to trace this line back to Caroline County,
VA. There are numerous primary records in Caroline
County that tie the Daniel and Snead families
together and tie earlier generations of the Snead
family to William Daniel 1680-1765 of Caroline. The
probate records also proved that John Daniel had a
son named (Samuel) Coleman Daniel. A Y DNA match
proved that John's descendants were a match to the
rest of the Daniels in our group, solidly linking
all of these lines to Caroline County, VA and
potentially to William Daniel 1680-1765 of Caroline.
A slight confusion is caused because it appears that
a descendant of James Daniel of Essex moved to
Caroline County, VA just before the Revolutionary
War and also married into the same Snead family and
his descendants later moved to Kentucky around the
same time as descendants of William Daniel Sr.
1680-1765 did. It is easy to separate this line from
the descendants of William Daniel 1680-1765 as most
of the Daniels from William's line had left Caroline
by this time, moving to other Virginia Counties, and
other states, notably Kentucky and Georgia.
In early 2016 all
of the members of this group had a 67 marker match
to a gentleman with a non-Daniel surname
(Carpenter), #422419. The testing was initiated by a
researcher tracing the Carpenter surname and related
lines and it has been determined that this
connection is the result of an NPE (Non-Paternity
Event) that occurred in the previous generation, in
the 1960s. The match is so close to some of our
group that it seems certain that this match has male
Daniel ancestors, but he has not yet taken a 111
test to see if the results indicate how recent the
relationship to our common ancestor may be. It seems
certain, however, at this point, he is our Daniel
cousin and his results are added to our group
results as "Carpenter". I had originally listed him
as "Unknown Daniel(s)", but since we have another
Daniel cousin who has not disclosed his identity,
even I was confused in sorting between the two.
Primary record research tentatively suggests that he
is connected to Spilsby Daniel's line.
In April of 2017 we were able to locate a descendant (646872) of Spilsby Daniel 1765-1852 of Washington, Russell and Wythe Counties, VA, Cumberland and Clinton Counties, KY and Overton and Fentress Counties, TN. He was a match to our group. His connection to James Daniel 1732-1800 of Washington and Russell Counties, VA and his given name brought us even closer to being able to claim a connection to William Daniel 1680-1765.
Finally, in August 2017, a descendant of Elijah
Daniel (756121) was located and we got the Y DNA
match that we needed to prove our group's connection
to William Daniel 1680-1765. There is a strong
primary record trail from the living descendant of
this line to Elijah and from Elijah to William
Daniel Jr. of Drysdale Parish, Caroline County, VA
where William Daniel Sr. 1680-1765 was situated.
In September 2017, a descendant of Jacob Daniel
(757153) was located and he was also a DNA match
to our group. Jacob was probably a son of
Elijah, as well, but apparently died before he was
included in primary records that could have proved
Though records are not available to conclusively
prove how John Daniel 1730-1800 and William Daniel
1765-1840 are connected, analysis of available
records strongly suggests that they both descend
from William Daniel 1680-1765 through his son
William Jr. 1705-1781 (ca 1705 VA to after 1781
Caroline County, VA), who married Elizabeth
Coleman. This marriage is proved by the probate
records of Spilsby Coleman, Elizabeth's brother
who died in Spotsylvania County in 1757. John
Daniel 1730-1800 is thought to be a son of William
Daniel 1705-1781 and Elizabeth Coleman and William
Daniel 1765-1840 to be his nephew, a son of
William Daniel III (1 March 1734 - 11 March 1817)
who married twice 1) unknown and had Tabitha who
married Phillip Buckner and 2) Mary Snead and had
William Daniel IV 1765-1840 who married Verlinda
Simmons and Benjamin 1769-1843 who married
Margaret Brown. Benjamin resided in Mercer County,
KY. A Thomas Daniel witnessed a deed in Jefferson
County, KY between Phillip and Tabitha Daniel
Buckner and William Daniel IV 1765-1840 and may
have been a younger brother. It is possible that
this John was the son of John 1730-1800.
Records in Caroline County suggest that William
1680-1765 had at least three other sons, besides
William Jr.: Thomas 1706-1738, Elijah 1713-1784 and
Moses 1715-1745. The birth years of all of these
sons are calculated from their first appearances in
records and are only an approximation. It is
possible that there were other sons who are not
mentioned in Caroline County records, possibly
leaving the county before they appeared in records
there. John and David Daniel appear briefly in
Caroline records in the 1730s and are candidates to
be sons of William 1680-1765, but there are no
records that support a connection and they
apparently left the county and would very be
difficult to trace.
of the three other potential sons of William
1680-1765 (Thomas, Elijah and Moses) potentially had
male children but only those of Thomas and Elijah
are named in primary records. Caroline order books
suggest that Moses died without issue shortly after
becoming active as an adult. It is probable
that James 1732-1800, Spilsby 1765-1852 or
Thomas 1750-1825 descend from either Thomas
1706-1738 or Elijah 1716-1784, not William Jr.
1705-1781, but that is speculation.
administration records of the estate of Thomas
1706-1738 named four children, all sons (James 20
July 1728-?, John 24 June 1730-?, William 1 October
1732-? and Thomas Jr. 4 January 1735-1771), but
little is known of them except for Thomas Jr.
1735-1771 who died in Caroline County, leaving a
widow and six daughters. Further confusion is
created because William Daniel 1680-1765 became the
guardian for three of the sons of Thomas 1706-1738
and William Daniel Jr. 1705-1781 became the guardian
of the fourth son, John. James born in 1728 is a
good candidate to be James Daniel 1732-1799 of
Russell County, VA whose birth year is a guesstimate
based on the fact that he was exempted from paying
taxes in 1792 "due to age and bodily infirmities".
William Daniel 1732-? and John 1730-? are likely the
men who owned land from 1755-1765 in Cumberland
County, VA. William Daniel 1732-? is a good
candidate to be the father of Spilsby Daniel
1765-1852. Thomas Daniel 1735-1771 is likely the man
who, with his uncle, William Daniel 1705-1781,
presented the will of William Daniel 1680-1765 on 10
Abstract of Essex County, VA Orders: “Dec. 18, 1739. James Daniel, an orphan 11 years of age the 20th of July last past, bound to William Daniel until 21 to learn the trade of a taylor; William Daniel, the younger, an orphan 7 years old October 1 last past, bound to William Daniel until 21 to learn the trade of a taylor; Thomas Daniel, an orphan 4 years old the 4th day of January last past, apprenticed to William Daniel until 21 to learn the trade of a carpenter; John Daniel, an orphan 9 years old the 24th day of June last past, bound to William Daniel, Jr., until 21 to learn the trade of a shoemaker.”
these three remaining sons of William 1680-1765,
tracing Elijah's line seemed most promising since
Elijah lived into the 1780s, his children were
adults at the time of his death and several of his
descendants can be easily deduced from primary
records, particularly Edmund
who died in 1799 in Spotsylvania County, VA and was
the administrator of Elijah's estate. A match to a
descendant of Elijah, via his son Edmund, finally
provided strong primary record support, through
Elijah's connection to William Daniel Jr. 1705-1781,
for the conclusion that we have identified the DNA
of William Daniel 1680-1765.
27-28 Oct 1736 Orange County VA Deed Records
William Daniel of Drysdale Parish, Caroline County, planter, to Elijah Daniel of St. Mark's Parish, Orange County, planter. Lease and release; for one peppercorn 300 acres, part of 18,500 acres granted by patent to Col. James Taylor and part of said tract sold to Richard Mauldin being 1200 acres ... on the south side of the River Rappadan .. corner to Mr. Nicholas Battle .. corner to Mr. Richard Thomas ... oak standing in a branch.
William Daniel, junr.
Wit: Samuel Hawes, Henry Dougun, Wm. Rucker]
William Daniel purchased this land from Richard
Mauldin in 1734, it was in Spotsylvania County and
that deed describes him as "William Daniel Junior of
St. Ann's Parish and County of Caroline". Drysdale
Parish was created from St. Ann's Parish so these
are also a valuable set of deeds for tracing the
Daniel family in Caroline County.
Because we have identified the DNA of William Daniel
1680-1765 it is now possible to Y DNA test other
potential descendants and prove or disprove their
connection to this family
last major match has been to Jacob and Mary Daniel
who were living in Caroline County in the 1770s and
had issue Frances "Fanny", Nancy and Reuben all of
whom moved to Jefferson County, KY with their
mother. It seems probable that Jacob died in
Kentucky but no record of his residence or death
there has been found. As mentioned previously, Jacob
is a strong candidate to be a son of Elijah.
Elijah's son, William, died in Wilkes County, GA in
1795 naming in his will his brothers Edmund, Samuel
and Jonathan, but not Jacob. Jacob may not
have been named in the will because it appears that
he was deceased when the will was made in
1792. Jacob Daniel's line, from his son
Reuben, has been located and information about his
line is available here.
Reuben's 1857 death record gives his place of birth
as Caroline County, VA and also names his parents.
It is worth noting that Edmund Daniel, son of
Elijah, also named a son Reuben. A descendant of
Jacob Daniel's son Reuben has been tested and his
DNA closely matches our group.
possible candidate for Elijah's son, Samuel, is the
man for whom a Revolutionary War pension application
was submitted in Culpeper County, VA. This Samuel
named a son Elijah. Several grandsons (Samuel,
William, John and James) of Samuel are named in the
pension application, but none have been traced as
they apparently left Culpeper County and have very
common given names. Reuben Daniel, son of Edmund,
also lived in Culpeper County.
Elijah's son Jonathan remains unaccounted for.
Elijah Daniel 1713-1784 (William Sr. > Elijah > Edmund): Elijah Daniel first appears in records in 1734 when he is mentioned in a road order in Orange County, VA. In 1736, William Daniel Jr. of Drysdale Parish, Caroline County, VA sold Elijah Daniel of Orange County 300 acres of land for the price of one peppercorn. Elijah was appointed a Constable in Orange County about 1738. In 1743 Elijah and Mary Daniel, his wife, sold the land he purchased from William Daniel Jr. to the vestry of St.Thomas Parish in Orange County, Elijah lived in Essex, Caroline, Orange and Culpeper Counties, before returning to Caroline County, where he died and his son Edmund administered his estate. Elijah married Mary Hawes, daughter of Samuel Hawes and Elizabeth Spencer. The names of their children are not certain, but they likely had; Agnis married James Arnold, Edmund married Peggy LNU, William married Mary LNU, Samuel married Mary LNU, Jonathan and Jacob married Mary Elizabeth LNU.
John 1730-1800 (John > Samuel Coleman): John Daniel's first identifiable appearance in records is when he was mentioned on 20 June 1790 in a deed made in Lincoln County, KY pertaining to the estate of his son, Walker Daniel. This deed also names all of John's children living at the time. He was listed in the tax lists of Shelby County, Kentucky in 1794. He was named in the will of his son Robert in Jefferson County, Kentucky written in 1792 and proved in 1797. John, and his son Martin, made Robert's estate available for inventory in 1797, John's last appearance in records. Robert's will names his father, John, and his siblings who are also named in the 1790 deed. Walker Daniel, (1750-1784) came to Kentucky in 1781 and was killed there by Indians in 1784. He was an attorney, Revolutionary War officer and the first Attorney General of the Kentucky District of Virginia. The sons of John Daniel received grants for thousands of acres of land in Kentucky. John settled in Jefferson County, KY. His occupation is uncertain. He may be the John Daniel mentioned in Caroline County, VA records who assumed control William Daniel's 1680-1765 grist mill. John's children, mentioned in the will of his son Robert are; (Chloe) Clark, Betsy (Elizabeth) Meriwether, Thomas Daniel, Sukey (Susannah) Morris, Coleman Daniel, Walker Daniel (deceased) and Martin Daniel. This family is linked to Caroline County, Virginia by the marriage of John's son Thomas to Mary Sneed, daughter of Benjamin Sneed of Caroline County as shown in Kentucky Court of Appeals records. Benjamin Sneed's father was John Sneed who owned a tavern in the vicinity of Daniel's Mill in Caroline County, VA. Daniel's Mill was founded by William Daniel 1680-1765 by the early 1730s. There are numerous interactions between the Daniel and Sneed families in Caroline County.
The use of the name Coleman for one of John's sons suggests that he was the son of William Daniel Jr. and Elizabeth Coleman and not John Daniel born 24 June 1730, son of Thomas Daniel and Mary Rowzee, William Jr.'s ward. John Daniel, son of Thomas and Mary Rowzee Daniel may be the John Daniel who purchased land from William Daniel "of Caroline" in 1763 in Cumberland County, VA. Among John Daniel's descendants, are the numerous Daniel families of Ohio County, KY.
James 1732-1800 (James > Wyatt/James Jr.): James Daniel's first identifiable appearance in records in in 1781, when he purchased 200 acres of land in Washington County, Virginia. This land adjoined that of Thomas Daniel, who settled there in 1771. James appears in tax lists in Washington County and then in Russell County from 1781 until 1793 when he was exempted from paying poll tax and county levies due to "age and bodily infirmities". He appeared in the tax lists of 1794-95, and signed petitions to create Tazewell County in 1795 and 1796. He last appears in records in 1799 when James Daniel Sr. and Sarah Daniel presented and proved the will of James Daniel (Jr.). It is thought that he had sons Wyatt and James and daughter Rebecca. Thomas and Spillsby Daniel are also sometimes listed as his sons. James Daniel Sr. resided on the Maiden Spring Fork of Clinch River and Cove Creek in Washington County, Virginia, later Russell County and then Tazewell County, Virginia. He was apparently a farmer, usually taxed for a few horses and cattle each year. Where he resided before 1781 is not known but DNA evidence now links him to the Daniel family of Caroline County, Virginia. His dates of birth and death have been approximated, based on the records available. He is possibly the son of Thomas Daniel and Mary Rowzee who was born on 20 July 1728 in Essex or Caroline County, VA. His grandsons, Thomas, Isom and George, sons of James Daniel Jr., moved to Kentucky and are the ancestors of the numerous Daniel(s) families of Floyd and Johnson Counties, KY.
Thomas 1750-1825 (Thomas > Estridge/James/Walker/William): Thomas Daniel's first identifiable appearance in records is in the 1789-91 tax lists of Madison County, KY. The 1792 tax list of Clark County, KY notes that he had removed there from Madison County. He was in the part of Clark County that was cut off into Montgomery County in 1799 and appears in tax lists of both counties from 1792-1806. Tax lists show the coming of age of his sons John (b. 26 May 1773), Thomas Jr., William and Estridge as each son is listed near him as they turned 21. Thomas was not taxed for land until 1806, and was taxed for a several horses and a few cattle each year. He was often taxed for a stud horse. His occupation is uncertain. There are several mentions of land grants for Thomas Daniel in the area, probably for several different men, but it has not been possible to sort them out due to lack of records. Thomas' sons were all educated, one a county clerk, one a teacher, another an officer in the War of 1812 and all holding various other positions of responsibility in their communities. Thomas and sons Walker and William and daughter Elizabeth moved to the Indiana Territory in 1807 and are easily traced in records there. He first settled just south of present day Marion, Williamson County, IL. He moved to Madison County, IL by 1814 and was in the 1818 Madison and 1820 Greene County censuses. Thomas acquired several hundred acres of Public Domain land in the vicinity of present day Alton in Madison County, IL and soon sold it, appearing to have been speculating in land. Thomas last appears in records on 24 November 1825 in Greene County, IL. There is no probate of his estate in Greene County. He may be the Thomas Daniel who left records in Botetourt, Fincastle and Washington Counties, VA and was associated with James Daniel 1732-1800.
1743-1789 (Jacob > Reuben Daniel > Richard
B.) Jacob and Elizabeth
Daniel, appear in Caroline records in the early
and mid 1770s. Jacob
and his wife's connection to the rest of these men
is partly is based on the Franklin County, KY
death record of their son, Reuben Daniel 1784-1857,
who was born in Caroline County, VA in
1784 according to his death record. The name of
Reuben's mother is given as Mary in his death
record, but that may be because she used her
middle name, Elizabeth, while her mother-in-law
was living. Jacob was a Revolutionary War
soldier from Caroline County serving under Lt.
Colonel Samuel Hawes, his grandfather or uncle,
and Colonel William Russell. Captain William
Russell Jr. commanded a company of militia in
Dunmore's War in the same county where James
1732-1800, Spilsby and Thomas 1750-1825
was likely the son of Elijah Daniel and Mary
Hawes. William Daniel of Wilkes County, GA named
his brothers Edmund, Jonathan and Samuel in his
1791 will which was proved in 1795. Jacob was
probably not named because he died before 1791.
This is consistent with Kentucky records as
Jacob's daughter Nancy Ann was married in
Jefferson County, KY in 1792, but Jacob does not
appear in any records in that county. He likely
died not long after arriving in Kentucky, before
appearing in any records there.
1765-1840 (William > Richard): William
Daniel first appears in records in the 1789 tax
list of Jefferson County, KY. He was listed in the
household of Nicholas Buckner, who is
believed to be a brother of Phillip Buckner
who married Tabitha Daniel in Caroline County, VA.
The land that Nicholas Buckner was living on was
entered in the name of Phillip Buckner. Phillip
and Tabitha Buckner sold land to Jefferson County,
KY in 1799. William 1765-1840 and Tabitha Daniel
1756-1738 are thought to be children of William
Daniel III 1734-1817, son of William Daniel (II)
1705-1781 and Elizabeth Coleman. William
Daniel (III) 1734-1817 is thought to have married
twice, first to an unknown spouse, mother of
Tabitha who married Phillip Buckner, and second to
Mary Sneed daughter of John Sneed of Caroline
County, VA, mother of William 1765-1840 and
Benjamin 1769-1843. The birth place, birth date
and marriage information for William Daniel
1734-1817 is given in what appears to be the
transcript of a family Bible in the Daniel file at
the Madison Public Library in Jefferson County,
Indiana. Also mentioned in this transcript are the
birth and death dates of Tabitha Daniel who
married Philip Buckner. Though this record is not
a primary record it has been in the files of the
library for many years and other information in
this transcript is supported by primary record
evidence. There are numerous
primary records that tie the Daniel, Coleman,
Buckner Sneed and Blanton families of Caroline
County, VA together. That being
said, this provides more links between the Daniel
family, and the Snead and Buckner families and
Caroline County, VA. William 1765-1840
married Verlinda Simmons in 1791 in Nelson
County, KY. They later moved to Christian and
Todd Counties, KY. William and Verlinda
Daniel had several children; Richard Mortimer,
Nancy, Horace, Lewis, Rice, Elizabeth, Mary B.,
Tabitha B. and John P.
Spilsby Daniel 1765-1852 (Spilsby > James):
Spilsby Daniel was born about 1765 in Bedford
County, VA, according to his Revolutionary War
pension file. Much of what is known about Spilsby
comes from this file. He married Sarah “Sally”
Asberry in Wythe County, VA according to the file,
probably around 1800. Spilsby is a given name used
by the Coleman family of Caroline County, VA which
has led some researchers to link him to William
Daniel who married Elizabeth Coleman. Spilsby
enlisted in the army in the spring of 1780 while
living in Washington County, VA, the part that was
later cut off into Russell County. From his pension
file: “he was verbally discharge by his said Captain
in the spring after the Battle of Kings Mountain
(October 1781) he knows not the month or date he
then continued to live in the western part of
Virginia about twenty years after the end of the war
and then moved to Cumberland (KY) staid there many
years, thence to Wayne County Kentucky staid their
several years thence to Overton County Tennessee
staid there eight or ten year’s thence to where he
now lives (Fentress County, TN) he was born in
Bedford County Virginia his parents died when he was
young”. The fact that Spilsby claims that he was
born in Bedford County, VA and that his parents died
while he was young seems to eliminate him as a son
of William Daniel who married Elizabeth Coleman or
James Daniel of Russell County, VA. He did serve
under William Bowen during the war, and the Bowens
were the neighbors of James Daniel of Russell
County. There was a William Daniel in Bedford
County, VA records around the time that Spilsby says
he was born there and a William Daniel served in the
Fincastle, VA militia in 1774 during Dunmore's War.
Marriage records in Caroline County, VA do not
survive, so it is possible that his mother may have
been a Coleman, hence his given name. All
speculation. There does not appear to be a probate
for Spilsby, so the names of his children are
deduced from various records.
The common ancestor of John, James, Thomas, William and Spilsby is probably two or three generations further back than these men. John 1730-1800 and James 1732-1800 are possibly brothers or first cousins, based on their approximated birth years and DNA marker distance between their descendants. Elijah Daniel was likely the uncle or great uncle of these men and father of Jacob. Several of these lines claim descent from an ancestor who came to America from Wales.
A comparison of the number of the
matching/non-matching DNA markers for each kit is
given below. I am eliminating the results of our
first descendant of William Daniel 1765-1840 since
he was an exact 37 marker match to our second
participant from this line, both descend from
William's son Richard and it is unlikely that this
kit will ever be upgraded to 67 markers. I have also
eliminated participants who have not taken at least
the 37 marker test or don't match anyone from our
group at 37 makers. Those are two descendants (6647,
62623) of Thomas 1750-1825 (not taken 37 marker
test), Stephen Daniel (33878) 1781-? (not taken 37
marker test) and Edward Daniel (4014) 1765-1830
(doesn't match our group).
#3347 Thomas Daniel 1750-1825 > Estridge
#7745 Thomas Daniel 1750-1825 > William >
#94729 James Daniel Sr. > James Daniel Jr. >
Thomas Daniel 1789-1868
#160425 James Daniel Sr. > James Daniel Jr.
> Thomas Daniel 1789-1868
#320285 John Calvin Daniels 1843-1909
Kit #381227 - James Daniel Sr. > James Daniel Jr. > Isom Daniel 1799-1847
Kit #B11177 William Daniel 1768-1840 > Richard
Kit #422419 Carpenter (Unknown Daniel(s))
#445720 John Daniel 1730-1800 > Samuel Coleman