An update to Thomas Daniel of Colonial Virgina

and Eight Generations of His Descendants

by Kevin Daniel



Introduction


    Much has been discovered since my genealogy of Thomas Daniel and his descendants was published in 1995. For one thing, I hope that I am a better researcher, now, and will use this venue to clear up some mistakes I made in that book. In the first part of the update, I will address the most current research on the line of my earliest proved ancestor, Thomas Daniel, who was born about 1750 in Virginia and died after 25 November 1825 when he last appears in records in Greene County, IL. Hereafter I will refer to Thomas as Thomas 1750-1825, since there were numerous men named Thomas in our Daniel family.
    Since I founded the Daniel DNA Project in 2001, with Family Tree DNA, our family has profited from several interesting and illuminating Y DNA matches which seem to connect Thomas to the line of William Daniel 1680-1765 of Caroline County, VA. I present the rationale for, and history of, the search for the ancestry of Thomas Daniel 1750-1825, which led to the eventual search for the DNA of the Caroline County, VA Daniels here. A comparison count of matching and non-matching markers for each participant on the Caroline County, VA Daniels DNA is included. An analysis of specific non-matching markers between kits is in process.




    Table of Contents





Thomas Daniel 1750-1825 was NOT the son of

    Our Thomas Daniel was NOT the son of Charles and Jane Mickelborough Daniel who was born in 1740 in Middlesex County, VA. Our Thomas Daniel did NOT marry Elizabeth Stith. Our Daniel line is unrelated and has no connection to the line of William Daniel of Middlesex County, Virginia. I merely mentioned, off the record, to a cousin/correspondent that this Thomas Daniel of Middlesex County, VA generally fit with the age and time that our Thomas lived and that he was a good candidate to be our Thomas, but only one of several men named Thomas Daniel I was looking at. By the time of this conversation, I already knew better than to put my suspicions in print, but had not learned to be cautious about sharing them. Live and learn.... Unfortunately, this erroneous information has now been widely circulated.
    DNA evidence has proved that our Daniel line is NOT related to the Middlesex County, VA Daniels. What is really sort of (sort of) amusing about this erroneous identification is that DNA evidence and primary record research has shown that James Daniel, son of William of Middlesex and father of Charles and grandfather of Thomas Daniel b. 1740, was most likely not William Daniel's biological child. Jochebed, a later wife of William, and mother of James, was likely pregnant at the time of her marriage to William and James was the son of her previous husband, who was most likely named Davis. So, if you are listing the parents of Thomas Daniel as Charles and Jane Mickelborough Daniel, please correct this and do not continue spread this incorrect information. Currently, the parents of Thomas are not known, but I think they are....... ;oP


TOC


Some corrections to my book


   Here,  I will give an overview of corrections to my book followed in later sections by how I arrived at these conclusions.

  • Based on research since 1995 and DNA evidence, I was mistaken in my suspicion that Thomas Daniel was connected to the Fairfax County, Virginia Daniel family.
  • Thomas' dates of birth and death have been changed from 1735-1805 to 1750-1825. All dates are approximate as no evidence has been discovered that gives the actual dates of Thomas' birth and death.
  • The list of children for Thomas Daniel and his mystery spouse, or spouses, has been changed to:
    • John 1773-1849
    • William ca 1775-after 1829 (NOT William DAVIS Daniel!)
    • Thomas 1777-1843
    • Estridge 1782-1852
    • James ca 1783-after 1860
    • Elizabeth ca 1789-after 1816
    • Walker ca 1790-1828
    • It seems likely that there were other children, notably born between 1777-1782 and 1783-1789, possibly daughters who married or children who died young before they appeared in any record. Thomas married again, probably in the early 1800s, before 1810, to a much younger woman named Delila, and might have fathered other children who might be overlooked as members of this family because of their date of birth. There is some evidence to support the existence of children by Delila and Thomas though he would have been in his fifties or early sixties when the marriage took place.
  • The list of children of John Daniel 1773-1849 has been revised based on the discovery of his family Bible
  • Some biographical information and descendants of Thomas' children Elizabeth ca 1789-aft 1816, William 1775-1829 and Walker ca 1790-1828 will be added to this update.

TOC

Thomas Daniel ca 1750 - ca 1825


Thomas Daniel signature from Daniel Gilmore
                probate

Photograph Thomas Daniel's signature from Daniel Gilmore probate, 1815

    I had concluded that our Thomas was the man in Fairfax County, VA who was listed in the 1787 tax list substitute for the lost 1790 Virginia census. This was based on the makeup of that man's personal property, which most closely matched the personal property of our Thomas in Kentucky tax lists. Based on subsequent analysis of Virginia and Kentucky tax lists and other records, it seems more likely that our Thomas was already in Kentucky by 1787 or en route there, and was not enumerated in 1787 Virginia tax lists. Though Thomas Daniel of Fairfax County, VA cannot be positively linked to other Daniel families in that county at the time of the tax list, the DNA from some of these other families does not match the DNA of our line.

    Since my  book on my ancestor, Thomas Daniel, was published, I discovered that Thomas was born later than I had deduced and lived longer than I believed. My early assumptions were based on the fact that Thomas disappeared from Montgomery County, KY tax records in 1806 and his suspected sons moved to live distantly from one another, one staying in Kentucky, two moving to Ohio and one moving to Alabama. My conclusion was that Thomas had died in 1806, but in fact he and at least three children moved to what is now the southern tip of Illinois, then Randolph County, Indiana Territory. This was initially suggested by the use of the name Estridge/Eastridge in the Daniel family that moved to Illinois, along with the names and ages of Thomas and William and the period of time that they appeared in records there. This identification was later confirmed using DNA testing.

    Thomas and William appear on the 1807-8 Squatters Petition in Randolph County, Indiana Territory claiming adjoining 320 acre sections of land by right of settlement and improvement. This land was contained in the area of nine million acres of land ceded to the U.S. government by the Piankashaw and Illini Indian tribes in 1803. Thomas, in Claim #114 dated 22 December 1807, claimed Range 3 East Township 9 Section 31 SE SW quarters and William in Claim #388 dated 30 December 1807 claimed Range 3 East Township 9 Section 31 SE SW quarters (Note: This seems to be the same land, so perhaps a transcription error?). Thomas Daniel was one of the signers of the cover letter of the petition. Thomas' land description in the petition was:

"Situate on the Crab Orchard Fork of Big Muddy Creek about two miles and one half above the mouth of said branch adjoining William Daniels residence on the north."

    The 640 acres of land entered by Thomas and William in 1807 lies just south of present day Marion, Williamson County, IL, and is gently rolling land laced with small creeks. Thomas Daniel, in 1814, also claimed the NE 1/4 NW 1/4 SW 1/4 of Section 20 Township 5N Range 8 W, as witnessed by Martin Jones. Walker Daniel purchased land adjoining Thomas and William in 1814. The Daniel's land was at various times in Randolph, Johnson, Gallatin, Franklin and Williamson Counties as new counties were created, and in the Indiana and Illinois Territories. By 1814 Thomas and Walker had moved slightly north to Madison County, IL where they purchased several hundred acres of land. I have not found a record of the sale of their more southern lands in Illinois, but suspect records of those sales can be found in the deed records of Johnson, Gallatin or Franklin counties. William remained in the extreme southern portion if Illinois and appears in records of Johnson and Alexander counties.
    The following record concerning elected militia officers indicates that by July 1810, the Daniel family had a significant presence in the Illinois Territory located at what was known as "Daniels Settlement":
Miscellanious War of 1812 files for the Illinois Territory. Letter of Isaac White to Ninian Edwards
 
U.S. Saline 28th July 1810.
 
"...Thomas Griffith Capt., Thomas Wells Lieut., Walker Dannel Ensign in Daniels Settlement, though I am told that Wells has absconded. It will be a great favour to these Gentlemen if you should commission them, to authorise the nearest Justice of the peace to swear them in...."
 
    The 1810 census of Grand Tower, Randolph County, Illinois Territory shows two Daniel families, W. Daniels with the oldest male in the household aged 26-45 and a second W. Daniels with the oldest male aged over 45 (born before 1765). Daniel Gilmore aged 26-45 was living next door to the Daniel families. The 1807 Squatters Petition showed that Thomas Daniel was leasing land from Daniel Gilmore and the 1810 census shows that Gilmore was residing on land leased to Thomas "Daniels", so this is possibly an error in transcription and the older W. Daniels is actually Thomas or perhaps the household was being headed by Thomas' son, Walker. There was a Daniel Gilmore in the tax lists of Montgomery County, KY, at the same time Thomas was there. Thomas Daniel was the administrator of the estate of Daniel Gilmore in Madison County, Illinois Territory in 1815.
    There are two males aged 16-26 in the home of the older W. Daniels, one of whom is likely Walker Daniel. There is one female in the household aged 16-26 who may be Delila Daniel as it is apparent from later censuses that Delila was much younger than Thomas and Walker did not marry until 1812. Thomas' daughter, Elizabeth, had married Daniel Vincent in 1809 in Randolph County and Daniel and "Mrs." Vincent made purchases at the estate sale of Daniel Gilmore. The home of the younger W. Daniels (William?) contained one male under 10, two males 10-16, one male 16-26 and one male 26-45, two females under 10, one female 16-26 and one 26-45. It seems possible that Daniel and Elizabeth Vincent were in the home of William Daniel (aged 16-26), since Daniel Vincent does not appear in the 1810 census. William Daniel and Daniel Vincent were involved in a suit against one another in November 1814 in Johnson County.
    The home of Daniel Gilmore consisted of one male aged 26 to 45 and one female aged 26-45. The estate records of Daniel Gilmore show that Thomas Daniel made claims against Gilmore's estate for care of a child, so either the Gilmores had a child after 1810 or the child was listed in one of the other households in "Daniels Settlement". Gilmore's wife survived him but her first name is not given in the estate records.
    Three Griffith families were listed adjacent to the Daniel families and Daniel Gilmore, but no Thomas Griffith, though there are several men in these households old enough to have served as militia officers. This seems to indicate that at least 6 or 7 families were residing at Daniels Settlement in 1810.

    Thomas and Delila Daniel were in Madison County, Illinois Territory by September 1814 when Thomas sold some of his land there in S20 T5N R8W to Young Wood for $200. Thomas signed the deed and "Deliley" made her mark. Her name is also recorded as Delila several times in the deed. The deed was witnessed by Rufus Easton and David D. Aikman. On 10 September 1814 Thomas purchased six 160 tracts of Public Domain land in Madison County, IL. Between 1814 and 1821 Thomas and Delila Daniel sold this land to John Springer, James Herreford, John Finley, Young wood and Low Jackson. In 1821, while residents of Greene County, IL Thomas and Delila reaffirmed the sales of some of these lands in new deeds. In one instance this was probably because a deed from Thomas Daniel to James Herreford had not been recorded and a new deed was needed to confirm Thomas had sold it when it was later purchased by Low Jackson. Witnesses to these deeds included Walker Daniel and Young Wood. Thomas and Delila realized at least $900 from the sale of these lands, about $16,000 in 2014 dollars.

    The 1818 Illinois Territorial Census of Madison County shows Thomas and Walker Daniel living within a few households of one another. There was one male over 21 in Thomas' home and four other white inhabitants. There were two males over 21 in Walker's home and six other white inhabitants. Walker had married Martha "Patsy" Vincent in 1812 in Union County, Illinois Territory. The 1820 Federal Census of Madison County, IL shows Thomas and Walker Daniel living next to one another on Apple Creek. There was one male over 45 in Thomas' home, a female aged 16-26 and a female aged 26-45. In Walker's home there were two males under 10, one male aged 26-45, 3 females under 10 and one female 26-45.

    The History of Greene County, IL, 1879, mentions Thomas Daniels as an early settler in Greene County, settling there in 1816. This account is especially valuable, since a contributor to the county history was John Wilkinson Huitt Jr.,aged 86 in 1879. John Huitt was a neighbor of Thomas and Walker Daniel in the 1820 census of Greene County, IL. Huitt's account says:
"Thomas Daniels, of Georgia, built a cabin on the farm now owned by Freeman Means. The next year, 1817, Mr. Daniel's son, Walker Daniels, also came into the county, and chose for his home the land now owned by Rowland Huitt, a short distance east of the Allen improvements."
    The Huitts, led by John W. Huitt Sr., were in Illinois by 1804 and settled in Madison County, prior to moving to Greene County. The Huitts were originally from Franklin County, Georgia, which may account for Mr. Huitt's confusion about the origins of Thomas and Walker Daniel. That being said, a Thomas Daniel of Greene County, Georgia is mentioned in deed records in Montgomery County, KY, so there may indeed be some connection between our Daniels and the state of Georgia. Huitt's account is very valuable in that it is the only credible identification of a child of Thomas Daniel in records. Rowland Huitt was the son of John Wilkinson Huitt Jr. The Daniel and Huitt families were obviously well acquainted. Descendants of both families are buried in Kane Cemetery in the vicinity where they lived.

   The last mention of Thomas Daniel in primary records is in November 1825 when there is a mention of a suit between Harrison Higgins and Thomas Daniels in Greene County, IL circuit court records. Various Higgins were neighbors to the Daniels in census records in Madison and Greene Counties. It is worth noting that the Higgins family was from Caroline County, VA via Montgomery County, KY. Probate records seem fairly complete in Greene County, but there is no mention of a probate for Thomas. He would have been about 75 years old in 1825 with a much younger wife, possibly a young daughter and several thousand dollars in the bank, so it would seem likely that if he had died in Greene County, there would be some record of probate for him, whether he died testate or intestate.

Other records for Thomas Daniel:

  • Madison, Clark and Montgomery Counties, KY tax lists, 1789-1806.
  • Madison County, IL 1815 Thomas Daniel administers estate of Daniel Gilmore
  • Madison County, IL, 1816, Thomas Daniel appointed supervisor of public road
  • Madison County, IL 1818, Thomas Daniel appears in census on Apple Creek
  • Greene County, IL 1820, Thomas Daniel appears in census on Apple Creek
  • Green County, IL 1825, Thomas Daniel and Harrison Higgins involved in law suit


Timeline for Thomas Daniel


  • 1750 birth of Thomas Daniel (deduced)
  • May 1773 John Daniel, oldest known child of Thomas, born in Virginia, possibly Fincastle County.
  • 1789-1793 Thomas Daniel appears in Madison County, KY tax lists
  • 1794-1798 Thomas Daniel in Clark County, KY tax lists (in 1794 listed as moved from Madison County)
  • 1799-1806 Thomas Daniel in Montgomery County, KY tax lists (Montgomery was created from Clark County)
  • 1807 Thomas Daniel signs Squatters' Petition in Randolph County, Indiana Territory
  • 1810 Thomas Daniel appears in Grand Tower, Randolph County, Indiana Territory census
  • 1814-1818 Thomas Daniel appears in various records in Madison County, Illinois Territory
  • 1818-1820 Thomas Daniel appears in various records in Madison County, State of Illinois
  • 1821-1825 Thomas Daniel appears in various records in Greene County, Illinois



William Daniel, son of Thomas, ca 1775- after 1829

 

William Daniel signature,
                  1808

William Daniel signature, from 1808 Squatter's Petition


    As noted previously, William accompanied his father and siblings to the Indiana Territory in 1807, where he was a participant in the 1808 Squatters Petition. Additionally, John and William Daniel are listed in the 1807 census of the Indiana Territory, so it is possible that the two oldest sons of Thomas Daniel preceded the rest of the Daniel family to Illinois to scout the area in advance of the arrival of their father and the other members of the family. John and Thomas Daniel Jr. moved to Fairfield County, OH about 1807 and later to Champaign County, OH where they spent the remainder of their lives. William is likely the W. Daniels who appears in the 1810 census of Grand Tower, Illinois Territory. He had a large household composed of one male under 10, two males 10-16, one male 16-26, one male 26-45, two females under 10, one 16-26 and one 26-45. I suspect that the male and female aged 16-26 are William's sister, Elizabeth, and brother-in-law, Daniel Vincent who married in Randolph County in 1809. This, then, would seem to indicate that William probably married between 1794 and 1799. Based on the size of his family in 1810, he is probably the William Daniel who appears in the 1818 census of Union County, Illinois. He was listed in the 1820 census of Alexander County, IL where it was reported his household contained seven males under 21, three over 21, two females under 21 and one over 21.

    William Daniel was taxed for 80 acres of land in Alexander County, West half of the Southwest Section 14, Township 15 South, Range 1 East. William sold this land to James Daniel in 1823, though the sale was not recorded until 1840. There are several court records for William and his likely sons in Alexander County:

Johnson County, IL
  • July 12, 1813, William Daniels witnesses transfer of note by Nathan Hearn to John Venton
  • July 12, 1814, William Daniels witnesses transfer of note by Henry Buckenstaff to Nathan Hern.
  • November term 1814, Wiliam Daniel vs Daniel Vincent, trespass, John Spann and Charles Murphy securities. (Note: Daniel Vincent was married to William's sister, Elizabeth)
  • 1814, William Daniel vs Daniel Vincent, Judgement against plaintiff for costs.
  • 1814, William Daniel vs Daniel Vincent, continued.
  • 1814, William Daniel, juror. Finding for defendant.
  • 1814, William W. Daniel, juror, in case of Susannah Bosin vs Isaac D. Willcox. (Only time he appears as William W. Daniel. It could be that this was actually William "McDaniel", a common transcription error.)
  • 1814, Daniel vs Vinson. "Replevin - continued at defendants cost but afterwards the parties came into court and the Plaintiff moved to withdraw his suit and pay costs, except three dollars chargeable as Defendants costs in case of a failure by Plaintiff to prosecute which the Deft. waves. It is considered by the court that the Defendant go hence without delay and recover against the Plaintiff his costs by him and his defense in this behalf expended - and that the Plaintiff maybe taken and & cn."
Alexander County, IL
  • 1819, William Daniel, deed
  • 1822, John Humphries vs William Daniel, trespass on case
  • 1824, People vs Daniel Abbott, assault and battery of James Daniel
  • 1824, People vs James Daniel, assault and battery of Daniel Abbott
  • 1824 , 24 May, William Daniel of Johnson County, IL Public Domain Land, Section 14 W1/2S1/4, Township 15S Range 01E (Later in Pulaski)
  • 1827, William Daniels vs Edmund Sutton, false warrant
  • 1825, Grand jurors list, William Daniels
  • 1825, Petit jurors list,  James Daniels
  • 1826, Petit jurors list, James Daniels
  • 1826, Grand jurors, William Daniels
  • 1826, Grand jurors, John Daniels
  • 1826, Tirey Daniel purchases Public Domain land, Section 15 E2SE, Township 15S, Range 01E 
  • 1826, Solomon Daniel purchases Public Domain land, Section 14 W2NW, Township 15S, Range 01E
  • 1827, 10 October, James Daniels m. Nancy Clanton (dau Charles Clanton)
  • 1829, Sion Clanton vs Nancy Clanton.They were married "many" years ago." Sion claimed she had been living in adultery with William Daniels since Dec. 1827.
  • 1830 Alexander County, IL census (alphabetical), James Daniels, age 20-29.
  • 1832, 1 March, Roderick McLeod m. Margaret Martin Daniels
  • 1834, 2 April,Solomon Daniels m. Serena Powers
  • 1837, James Daniel purchases Public Domain land, Section 3 SENW, Township 15S, Range 01E
  • 1838,  December, William Micham m. Elizabeth Daniels
  • 1840 Alexander County, IL census, James Daniels, age 30-39.
  • 1840 Alexander County, IL census, William Daniels age 20-29.
    William probably married about 1794-1799 in Madison or Clarke County, KY, but there is nothing to indicate the name of his wife or wives. As he was "living in adultery" between 1827 and 1829, his wife was likely deceased before then. Since there is no probate of his estate, and it seems certain that he had a large family, the names of his children are arrived at by deduction:

  • Elizabeth Narcissa b. 1795 Kentucky d. 1870 Pope County, IL, m. 1813 to William Belford
  • James ca 1800 -1838 Alexander Co., Il, m. Nancy Clanton (son named Estridge and other children)
  • Nathan ca 1801-1836 m. Louisa Allen in 1823 in Greene County, IL
  • John b. ca 1804
  • Tirey b. ca 1806
  • Solomon "Sol"  b. 1808 d. 23 December 1835 Alexander Co., IL  m. Serena Powers 24 April 1833 in Alexander Co., IL
  • William Jr. b. 1811
  • Margaret Martin m. Roderick McLeod (She may actually be the widow of John or Tirey)
  • (Elizabeth m. William Micham/Meacham 3 December 1838 in Alexander County, IL. She may actually be a granddaughter of William, daughter of James and Nancy Clanton Daniel)

    Timeline for William Daniel


  • 1775 - William Daniel born (deduced based on tax and census records)
  • 1796 - William Daniel appears in 1796 Clark County, KY tax list.
  • 1800 - William Daniel appears in 1800 Montgomery County, KY tax list.
  • 1807 - William Daniel appears in 1807 Indian Territorial census with brother John
  • 1807 - William "Danniel" appears in Squatters' Petition in Randolph County, Indiana Territory.
  • 1810 - William Daniel appears in census of Grand Tower, Randolph County, Indiana Territory.
  • 1813-4 William Daniel appears in various records in Union County, Illinois Territory
  • 1818 - William Daniel appears in Illinois Territorial census
  • 1819 - William Daniel makes a deed in Alexander County, Illinois.
  • 1820 - William Daniel appears in Federal census of Alexander County, Illinois.
  • 1820-1829 William Daniel appears in various records in Alexander County, Illinois.
  • 1830 - William Daniel does not appear in the 1830 Alexander County, Illinois census and there is no probate for him there.

    Since William does not appear in the 1830 Illinois census and two of his potential sons, Tirey and John, also do not appear in census records in Alexander and later Pulaski counties and there is no probate for any of these men in the counties with which they are associated, they may have left the area. That being said, a search of census records has not revealed any potential candidates to be these men. William's sons James and Solomon remained in the area and their estates are probated in Alexander and Pulaski counties, though Solomon does not appear in the 1830 census either. James' widow, Nancy, and children, including a son name Estridge, were in the 1850 Pulaski County, Il census. Solomon's son, Solomon Jr. and his sister Mary Ann moved to Mississippi County, MO with Uriah Martin, their guardian, who married Serena Powers Daniel, widow of Solomon Daniel Sr. William Daniel Jr. appeared in the 1840 Alexander County, IL census, aged 20-29.




Elizabeth Daniel, daughter of Thomas, ca 1789-aft 1815


    Mentions of Elizabeth in records are sketchy. Elizabeth first appears in records when she married Daniel Vincent on 15 September 1809 in Randolph County, Indiana Territory. Her brother Walker married Martha Vincent in 1812, possibly a sister or other relative of Daniel. A Daniel "Vinson" appeared in tax lists in Montgomery County, KY at the same time as Thomas, so he may have accompanied the Daniel family to Illinois. Daniel Vincent does not appear in the 1810 Territorial census. I suspect he and Elizabeth may be one of the older males and females in the home of W. (William Daniels). Daniel Vincent and William Daniel were engaged in a lengthy suit in Johnson County, IL in 1814. It appears that William was suing Daniel Vincent for trespass. The charges were eventually dropped. Daniel and Elizabeth last appear in primary records when Thomas Daniel administered the estate of Daniel Gilmore in 1815 in Madison County, IL and Daniel Vincent, "Mrs. Vincent" and "Mrs. Daniel" made purchases at the estate sale. The Vincents were not in the 1818 or 1820 censuses. That is pretty much all that is known about her.
    There is no probate for Daniel Vincent in Madison or Greene County, IL. There was a Daniel Vincent in the 1830 census of Tazewell County, IL, but he is much too young to be the husband of Elizabeth, though could be her child. A "Madame Vincent" and Elizabeth Vincent appear in records in Gasconade County, MO in 1830 and 1840, but there is no record of a probate for Elizabeth's husband there. A Daniel Vincent purchased land in Callaway County, MO in 1825, but he appears to be much too old to be the Daniel Vincent who married Elizabeth Daniel.




Walker Daniel, son of Thomas, ca 1790-1828


Walker
                  Daniel signature from Joseph King probate

Walker Daniel signature from Joseph King probate, Green County, IL 1826

    Walker Daniel first appears by name in records on 28 July 1810 when he was appointed an Ensign in the Third Regiment of  Militia of Randolph County, Illinois Territory. He served as a Lieutenant in the War of 1812 in Captain Owen Evans' Company of Illinois Rangers in 1813 and 1814. His widow submitted a request for bounty land warrant (BWT 83772 40-50) for Walker's service in 1851. In the request, she notes that her maiden name was Martha Vincent and that she and Walker Daniel were married on 3 July 1812 in Union County, Illinois. It also gives Walker's date of death as 5 February 1829 in Greene County, IL. Martha "Patsy" Vincent was born about 1795 in Tennessee, according to the 1850 Greene County, IL census.
    Walker purchased Public Domain land in what is now Williamson County, IL adjoining his father and brother 1814, and again between 1814-1821 purchased Public Domain land in Madison and Greene Counties, Illinois. A history of Jersey and Greene Counties, IL reported that Walker came to Greene County because his father, Thomas Daniel lived there, but records indicate that they migrated there together.
    Walker Daniel was very active in Greene County, IL and seemed on the way to becoming a prominent citizen there before his untimely death around the age of forty. The probate of his estate reported substantial property, including building materials, including a substantial quantity of brick (1,700 bricks), so he may have been in the process of building a brick home at the time of his death. Several descendants of Walker Daniel spell their name "Dannel". Nathan Daniel purchased land from Walker and Martha Daniel and was the co-administrator of Walker's estate in 1828, so Martha may have been mistaken in the year of Walker's death in the Bounty Land application. The inventory of Walker Daniel's estate was returned in March 1828, so he likely died 5 February 1828, not 1829. Patsy had remarried to William Larue by 1851, so seems to have fibbed about that in the application, when she claimed that she had not remarried. Her tombstone, does list her as "Martha Dannels wife of Walker Dannels", though.

The probate of Walker Daniel lists his children living at the time of his death:

  • Sally (Sarah) Daniel b. ca 1813, m. Stephen Reddish
  • Eastridge Daniel b. ca 1816, m. Rachel Cantrel
  • Clarinda Daniel b. ca 1818, m. 1) Garrion Medford, 2) William Witt
  • Rebecca Daniel b. ca 1820, m. William Tompkins
  • Elizabeth Daniel b. ca 1823, m. William LaRue
  • Lydia Daniel b. ca 1824
  • John Clark Daniel (His line spells it Dannel) b. 1826, m. Mary Abigail Palmer
  • Delila Daniel b. ca 1827

Timeline for Walker Daniel

  • 1789 - Walker Daniel born (deduced based on first appearance in records)
  • 1810 - appointed Ensign 3rd Regiment Randolph County Militia
  • 1812 - marriage to Martha Vincent (proved in War of 1812 bounty land application)
  • 1813 - Lieutenant in the War of 1812 in Captain Owen Evans' Company of Illinois Rangers
  • 1814 - Purchases Public Domain land in Randolph County, Illinois Territory
  • 1814-1821 Purchased Public Domain land in Madison and Greene Counties
  • 1819 - Walker Daniel, appointed administrator of the estate of Joseph King and guardian of infant heirs Parthena Arminta King and James King. Widow Sary (Sarah/Sally) King mentioned in the records. Sarah remarried to Hugh Karlin in 1821. Sally King aged 26-45 in 1820 Madison County, IL census.
  • 1821 - appointed to superintend election for Militia officers in 3rd district of Greene County (Harrison Higgins and John Green also appointed)
  • 1821 - appointed trustee of lands reserved for use for schools (also John Stout and Joseph Piggott)
  • 1822 - appointed supervisor of road from ford of Macoupin Creek to Madison County line
  • 1822 - appointed to view road from ford of Macoupin Creek to Mount Pleasant (also Robert Avery and Asebel North)
  • 1822 - reappointed to view road from ford of Macoupin Creek to Mount Pleasant (also Robert Avery and Asebel North)
  • 1822 - Walker Daniel to have control of all lands within 3 miles of the road of which he is the supervisor
  • 1823 - Walker Daniel to serve as Grand juror
  • 1823 - Walker Daniel, Joseph Piggott and William Green recommend road be opened from ford of Macoupin Creek to Madison County line. A public highway approved.
  • 1824 - Walker Daniel to serve as Grand juror
  • 1825 - Walker Daniel appointed guardian of Partheny Arminta King (1814-1852) and James King, infant heirs of Joseph King
  • 1828 - Probate of Walker Daniel in Greene County, IL. N. Daniel and Patsy Daniel only Daniels to make purchases at estate sale.


    A descendant of Walker Daniel is participating in the Daniel DNA project.

TOC




Nathan Daniel, son of William, ca 1801 - 1836

Nathan Daniel signature from Walker Daniel's
                  probate 1828

Nathan Daniel signature from probate of Walker Daniel, Greene County, IL, 1828


    Nathan Daniel was born about 1801 in Kentucky. He appears in Greene County, IL records on 7 January 1823 when he purchased 80 acres of  land from Philemon Higgins and Delilah (nee Johnson) his wife. He purchased a town lot in Carrollton, IL from Thomas and Rebecca Carlin on 3 June 1823. He married Louisa Allen on 5 June 1823 in Greene County. On 13 December 1827, he purchased 70 acres of land from Walker and Patsy Daniel. Nathan purchased 80 acres of land from John Evans in 1830.
    Nathan was co-administrator of the estate of Walker Daniel in 1828, with Martha Daniel, the widow. I have tentatively listed him as a child of William Daniel and grandson of Thomas Daniel. It is also possible that he is the son of Thomas Daniel and his second wife, Delila, but census records do not support this as there is no male of his age in the 1820 census in either Walker or Thomas Daniel's household. Nathan was still likely in his father's home in Alexander County, IL at this time.
    Nathan died before 12 December 1836 when his estate probate began. His children were named in the estate probate. There was a Nathaniel Daniel in nearby Bond County, IL with whom he is sometimes confused and other, unrelated Daniels living in Greene County are also sometimes listed as Nathan's children. Based on the probate records of his estate, Nathan and Louisa had:

  • James Irwin Daniel b. 13 October 1824 d. 1897
  • William Lee Daniel b. 1827 d. 12 March 1853, unmarried
  • Nathan Daniel b. 1833 d. 1865
  • Margaret Daniel b. 1833 m. George W. Scoggins
  • Rebecca Jane Daniel b. 1830 m. Elias Alexander on 1 January 1847 in Collins County, TX   


Timeline for Nathan Daniel

  • 1802 - Nathan Daniel born (deduced from first appearance in records and 1830 census)
  • 1823 - First appearance in records 7 January 1823 in Greene County, IL
  • 1823 - Marries Louisa Allen 5 June 1823 in Greene County, IL
  • 1827 - purchases land in Greene County, IL
  • 1828 - Co-administrator of the estate of Walker Daniel in Greene County, IL
  • 1830 - Purchases land in Greene County and appears in the 1830 census aged 20-29
  • 1836 - Estate of Nathan Daniel administered in Greene County, IL


A descendant of Nathan Daniel is participating in the Daniel DNA project.



Updated list of children of John Daniel 1773-1849, son of Thomas


    The family Bible of John and Rebecca Tipton Daniel was discovered in the possession of a descendant living in Decatur, IL. From the Bible and other records:

  • Mary "Polly" b. 4 June 1799 d. 1 July 1813
  • Elizabeth b. 9 August 1801 d. 15 December 1845
  • Matilda b. 29 January 1803 b. 15 October 1813
  • Nancy b. 24 July 1806
  • Elihu b. 20 November 1808 d. 26 February 1858
  • Pelina b. 24 October 1810 d. 28 June 1837
  • Shelby b. 12 June 1813 d. 22 January 1879
  • Thomas Tipton b. 12 November 1815 d. 15 December 1865
  • John b. 12 April 1817 d. 22 April 1839
  • Lucretia b. 1 April 1819
  • Eastridge b. 21 April 1824 d. 1904




Thomas Daniel of Botetourt, Fincastle and Washington Counties, VA.


    I guess I'll  never learn to keep my guesses to myself! Based, though, on the fact that there are solid Y DNA matches between all of the Daniel men referred to below, except for Thomas Daniel who married Mary Rowzee, and primary records indicate that all of these men or their descendants in lived Virginia and Kentucky, I feel justified in putting forth a hypothesis about how they are related. This is only a hypothesis, based on the currently available information. That there are no confirmed DNA matches to Thomas Daniel who married Mary Rowzee is based on the fact that there is no primary record evidence to prove who his descendants are, except, possibly, for his son Thomas Jr. who had five daughters and no sons.
    A Thomas Daniel appeared in records of South West Virginia between 1771 and 1784 who may be our Thomas Daniel 1750-1825. Thomas Daniel was awarded land in 1781 in Washington County, VA for which the commissioners' certificate noted he had actually settled on in 1771. This land  was located on the Maiden Spring Fork of the Clinch River and fell in the Virginia counties of Botetourt County in 1771, Fincastle in 1772, Washington County in 1776 and later Russell County. Today it is in Tazewell County.
    Thomas Daniel was sued for non-payment of a debt to Abraham Bledsoe in 1772 in Fincastle County. Bledsoe was a well known Kentucky longhunter which may indicate that Thomas Daniel 1725-1750 was also a longhunter. Longhunters explored and hunted in the frontier regions of Tennessee and Kentucky in the 1750s through the 1770s.
    Thomas Daniel served as a private in the Fincastle County company of Captain William Russell for 99 days in 1774 during Dunmore's War and he appears on the muster roll for the company which was at that fought at the Battle of Point Pleasant. He was paid 7 pounds 8 shillings and 6 pence for his service. He also made a claim for "sundry" supplies provided to the militia in the amount of 12 pounds 13 shillings and 16 pence. That is somewhere between 2-3,000 2017 U. S. dollars. It seems possible that Thomas also had Revolutionary War service, but often soldiers who served in the militia in these remote frontier areas were only credited for their service if they or their spouse lived long enough to submit a pension application or were asked to serve as a witness to another soldier's service. Thomas likely died a few years before he was eligible to apply for a pension or to be asked to testify as a witness. Militiamen from this area, including a close cousin (Spilsby Daniel), who lived near Thomas at the time, served at the Battle of Kings Mountain from Washington County, VA militia companies. Some soldiers' service consisted solely of actions against the various Indian tribes who supported the British and they never actually engaged the British. The only mention of the service of Edmund Daniel, a cousin, and the wounds he sustained at the Battle of Brandywine were relayed by family many years later in a county history in Texas.
    Thomas Daniel appears on the 1782 and 1783 tax lists of Washington County, VA taxed for 7 horses and 5 or 6 cattle. He is listed next to James (Sr) and Wyatt Daniel in 1782, their first appearance in records in the region. This suggests that Wyatt was born about 1761 which is supported by his age in the 1810-1840 censuses. Thomas Daniel 1750-1825 was taxed for around the same number of horses in cattle in Kentucky tax records.
    Thomas last appears in Virginia records when he sold his land in Washington County in 1784. He did not sign the petition for the creation of Russell County, VA in 1785. It appears that he had migrated out of the county by this time. James Daniel Sr., Wyatt and their close relations appear in Washington, Russell and later Tazewell County, VA until after 1800 when most of this family migrated to Kentucky.
    Spilsby Daniel also appears in Russell County, VA tax lists in 1788 and his Revolutionary War pension application indicates that he was living in Washington County by 1780 when, at about age 15, he joined the Virginia militia. He accompanied Wyatt Daniel to Kentucky and Tennessee.
    The Y DNA of the descendants of Thomas 1750-1825, James Sr., Wyatt, James Jr. and Spilsby all match. James Daniel Jr. is thought to have married Nancy Belcher and had three sons, Thomas, George and Isom. The given name Isom was used in the Belcher family. Estridge Daniel, the grandson of Thomas 1750-1825 named a son Isom, as well. James 1784-1860, son of Thomas 1750-1825 lists his birthplace in censuses as Virginia in 1850 and as Kentucky in 1860. This may indicate that he was so young when his family migrated from Virginia, that he was not certain which state he was born in and suggests that his family moved to Kentucky.
    This leaves a gap of about 5 years when Thomas is unaccounted for. He may have been in present day Kentucky or Eastern Tennessee, both popular destinations for south western Virginia migrants. Thomas named a son Walker Daniel in the late 1780s and his cousin Walker Daniel 1750-1784 and at least some of his siblings were in Kentucky as early as 1780.
    Some researchers list Thomas as a son of James Daniel Sr., but I suspect that Thomas was the nephew of James Sr. and first cousin of Wyatt, James Daniel Jr and Spilsby Daniel. I believe that he was more likely a son of John Daniel, brother of James Daniel Sr., both sons of Thomas Daniel Sr. and Mary Rowzee of Essex and Caroline Counties, VA. I believe that Spilsby Daniel was the son of William Daniel, brother of James Sr. and John.
    My reasoning is as follows:

  • Thomas Daniel named his first known child, a son, John in 1773. His son James was at least his 5th son and born in 1784. Thomas' second and third sons were William and Thomas. This may fit with the traditional naming pattern for sons during the colonial period:
    • The first son was named after the father's father (John, b. 1773)
    • The second son was named after the mother's father (William b. 1775)
    • The third son was named after the father (Thomas Jr. b. 1777)
    • The fourth son was named after the father's eldest brother (Estridge!? b. 1782). I suspect that Estridge may have been his middle name, possibly his mother's surname? There is also a gap of 5 years 1777-1782 between the births of Thomas Jr. and Estridge, so it is possible one or two other children were born during this period.
  • Thomas was born about 1750 and the first known child of James Sr. was born about 1761 which suggests that James did not marry until after Thomas was born.
  • Thomas appears in records in Fincastle, Botetourt and Washington Counties at least ten years before James Sr. appears there. It seems likely that if James Sr. was in the vicinity between 1771 and 1781 he would have appeared at least once or twice in records there, but he does not.
  • Spilsby Daniel, who was in the vicinity as early as 1780, and DNA testing has proved is related to all of these Daniels, stated in his Revolutionary War pension application that his parents died when he was young, which suggests another man besides James Sr. or Thomas 1750-1825  was his father. I suspect his father was William Daniel b. 1732 who was another son of Thomas Daniel Sr. and Mary Rowzee. Spilsby was illiterate, which is very unusual for these Daniel families, but could indicate that the death of his parents when he was young deprived him of an education. Spilsby indicated that he was born in Bedford County, VA in his pension application and a William Daniel appears in records there around that time. A William Daniel served for 63 days in Dunsmore's War in 1774 from Fincastle County in the company of Captain John Floyd. This may have been Spilsby's father or a brother.
  • The sons of James Daniel Jr., Thomas, George and Isom Daniel moved to Johnson County, KY and Thomas 1750-1825 settled nearby in what is now south eastern Montgomery County, KY. Thomas' son Estridge Daniel had remained there after his father and brothers moved on. Both the Johnson and Montgomery County Daniels had Morgan County connections. Morgan County lies between Montgomery and Johnson Counties, so it seems possible that the families associated with one another in Kentucky, hence the use of the name Isom in the family of Estridge Daniel. It is worth noting that this name was used only one time by the descendants of Estridge Daniel. This given name was never used in the line of Estridge Daniel's wife, Mary Samantha Fox.
  • This suggests a family fractured by death of the father (Thomas Daniel/Mary Rowzee) when the children were all very young, between the ages of three and ten. Their uncle, William Daniel Jr. 1710-1783, was appointed their guardian and tasked with apprenticing them to various trades. It was a common practice when the estate of a decedent was not sufficient to provide for the needs of his minor heirs to appoint a close family member their guardian and to apprentice the sons. William Daniel 1710-1783 was likely raising a young family of his own at the time that his brother died, so it is questionable how much time and resources he could devote to them and it is possible that they were divided and lived with various relatives in Caroline County.

    Again this is just my take on the facts that are available and other interpretations of the facts are possible. Any comments or other theories are welcome.

TOC



Speculations on the identity of the wife of Thomas Daniel


    Virtually nothing is known about the wife of Thomas Daniel , who was likely the mother of his children born between 1773 and 1790. The unusual given name of her son, Estridge, may be a clue to her maiden name. There were Estes/Estridge families in Caroline County, VA when the Daniels lived there, notably Abraham Estes/Estridge. Richard Estridge is mentioned in records in Washington County, VA, around the time Thomas may have lived there.
    The given names Elizabeth and Narcissa were widely used by her descendants.
    My autosomal DNA test at 23andMe indicates that I had a 100% Native American ancestor born between 1680 and 1780 which creates another possibility. Unfortunately, both of my parents died before DNA testing for genealogy became available so I have no idea which side of my family this ancestor is on and both sides have deep Colonial roots.
    As her first child was born in 1773, she was probably born before 1757 and died before 1810, by which time Thomas had remarried. The fact that her last known child was born about 1790 may indicate that she died well before 1810 as she would have been well within child bearing age in 1790.
    Sadly, we may never know more about her.

TOC




Some Possible connections to Thomas Daniel


Miller Connection


    While searching census records, I discovered an Estridge Miller/Milner born in 1824 in Harrison County, KY, and living in Edgar County, IL during the 1850 census. The 1850 Edgar County census is unusual in that the census taker often noted not only the state that the person was born in, but also the county, as well. Estridge Miller and some of the other Millers that are in the 1850 census, also appear as Milner in records in Illinois and Kentucky. The census reported that Estridge Miller was born in Harrison County, KY, which is only one county away from Montgomery County, where Thomas Daniel lived from 1799-1806, and where Thomas' son, Estridge, lived until his death in 1852. Some of the Fox family, kin of Mary Samantha Fox, who married Estridge Daniel, son of Thomas settled close to Edgar County, Illinois in Cole and Cumberland Counties, IL and Vermillion County, Indiana in the 1820s and 1830s.
    An examination of other Millers in the 1850 census showed James Miller, born in Virginia (transcribed incorrectly as "PA" on Ancestry) , and wife Sarah, born in 1790 in Kentucky. Living in their home was Evaline Miller, born 1831 in Montgomery County, KY. It seemed possible that Sarah may have been a daughter of Thomas Daniel and sister of Estridge Daniel. Closer examination shows that there appear to have been several unrelated Miller families in Edgar County in 1850, judging by their ages and birthplaces but several were born either in Harrison County, KY or Montgomery County, KY, which suggested a possible family unit with a connection to Thomas Daniel. There was a James Miller in Montgomery County, KY in the 1810 and 1830 censuses, but no James Miller in Harrison County during the censuses in those years, though there was a James Miller in Harrison in 1820, which suggested the possibility that James and Sarah might have lived in Harrison County during those times. This matched some of the Miller birthplaces in the 1850 census. A trip to the Edgar County, Courthouse in Paris, IL seems to disprove this connection, though, and showed a picture of two Miller/Milner families, one from Montgomery County, KY and one from Harrison County, KY that arrived in Edgar County, IL at about the same time, around 1834. I was not able to find any direct connection between these two families, though. A tentative reconstruction of these families is:

    Miller family #1
James Miller born ca 1785 in Virginia d. in 1859 in Edgar County, IL, married ca 1809 in Montgomery County, KY Sarah (?) born ca 1790-1795 KY d. after 1860. James Miller moved to Edgar County in 1834, according to the biography of James Miller Jr.  in The History of Edgar County, Illinois, 1879. James left a will naming only son James Jr. as his heir and executor, but he obviously had other children. James and Sarah may have had:
  • Eliza Jane Miller born ca 1810 Montgomery County, KY m. Merrick Porter 28 July 1837 Edgar County, IL.
  • Robert Miller b. ca 1818 Montgomery County, KY m. Lucy LNU
  • James Miller Jr. b. 12 October 1825 Montgomery County, KY m. Sarilda Sims (his mother and sister Evaline living with him in 1870)
  • Evaline Miller b. ca 1831 Montgomery County, KY, unmarried
 
    Miller family #2

Vincent Miller/Milner b. ca 1787 KY d. September 1835 Edgar County, IL, son of Nicholas Miller and Hannah Webb. He married Elizabeth (Else?) Kinman in 1806 in Harrison County, KY. He died intestate in Edgar County, where his estate is probated. His wife Elizabeth is named in the estate records. The sale bill of his estate includes numerous purchasers, including Elizabeth Milner, Thomas Milner and Nicholas Milner. Thomas Milner made several deeds with Estridge Milner, after Estridge came of legal age, and Thomas and Estridge were enumerated next to one another in census records, so it seems likely he was of this family.
  • Thomas J. Miller b. ca 1810 Harrison County, KY m. Mary Catherine Morgan, dau Wells Morgan
  • Nicholas Miller b. ca 1815 Harrison County, KY m. Jane Clark, son Vincent and other children
  • Rebecca J. Miller b. ca 1822 Kentucky m. Roland V. Morgan, son Wells Morgan
  • Estridge Miller b. ca 1824 Harrison County, KY m. Sarilda Morgan, dau Wells Morgan, son Vincent and other children


Estridge "Doc" Miller died 22 March 1901 near Newport, Vermillion County IL and is buried in the Franklin Cemetery in Edgar County, IL along with several of his children and other relatives, though I could not locate any markers for them when I visited the cemetery and suspect there are none. Estridge and Sarilda had:

  • Vincent b. 1842
  • Wells b. 1846
  • Artemesia b. 1847
  • William Henry b. 1849
  • Mary b. 1852
  • Charles b. 1853
  • John b. 1855
  • Francis Marion b. 1856
  • Thomas b. 1859
  • Stephen b. 1861
  • Joseph b. 1865

    It still seems possible that there is some connection between the Miller/Milner family of Harrison County, KY and the Daniel family of Montgomery County, KY but I have not found the link. There may also be some connection between James and Vincent Miller/Milner, but again I have not been able to identify what it may be, either.


William and Elizabeth Narcissa Daniel Belford of Pope County, IL


    In 2014 I started getting autosomal matches on Ancestry.com to an Elizabeth Daniel(s) who was born 12 December 1795 in Kentucky and died 1 September 1862 in Pope County, IL. She married William Belford 1789-1872 about 1813 in Illinois. The Belfords lived in Pope County, IL from its creation in 1816 until their deaths. Elizabeth's middle name is often given as Narcissa. I can find no proof that Elizabeth's surname was Daniel or Daniels or that her middle name was Narcissa. This seems to come from family tradition. Pope County is located in the southern tip of Illinois and was created in 1816 from Gallatin and Johnson Counties. Descendants of Thomas Daniel 1750-1825 appear in early records of Johnson County. It is possible that Elizabeth Daniel(s) was a granddaughter of Thomas Daniel 1750-1825, perhaps a daughter of William 1775-1829. I am still researching this family, but early records for this region are sparse. Note the use of the names Narcissa and Delilah in this family.
    William and Elizabeth had:

  1. Isabella 1814-1869
  2. John b. 1815-1893
  3. daughter 1818
  4. Louisa Jane 1822
  5. Mary Ann 1825
  6. Benjamin 1827-1874
  7. Delilah 1827-1915
  8. Elizabeth Narcissa 1828-1909
  9. Lucinda 1829-1880
  10. James 1830-1880
  11. Samuel Lock 1833-1894




To Do List


  • Search records in the southern counties of Illinois for more data about Thomas, William, Walker and Elizabeth.
  • Keep an eye out for connected Daniel families




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