Much has been discovered since my
genealogy of Thomas Daniel and his descendants was published
in 1995. For one thing, I hope that I am a better
researcher, now, and will use this venue to clear up some
mistakes I made in that book.
In the first part of the update, I will address the most
current research on the line of my earliest proved ancestor,
Thomas Daniel, who was born about 1750 in Virginia and died
after 25 November 1825 when he last appears in records in
Greene County, IL. Hereafter I will refer to Thomas as
Thomas 1750-1825, since there were numerous men named Thomas
in our Daniel family.
Since I founded the Daniel DNA Project in 2001, with Family Tree DNA, our family has profited from several interesting and illuminating Y DNA matches. I present the rationale and history of the search for the ancestry of Thomas Daniel 1750-1825 and eventual search for the DNA of the Caroline County, VA Daniels and a comparison count of matching and non-matching markers for each participant on the Caroline County, VA Daniels DNA page. An analysis of specific non-matching markers between kits is in process.
Our Thomas Daniel was NOT
the son of Charles and Jane Mickelborough Daniel who was
born in 1740 in Middlesex County, VA. Our Thomas Daniel
did NOT marry Elizabeth Stith. Our Daniel line is
unrelated and has no connection to the line of William
Daniel of Middlesex County, Virginia. I merely mentioned,
off the record, to a cousin/correspondent that this Thomas
Daniel of Middlesex County, VA generally fit with the age
and time that our Thomas lived and that he was a good
candidate to be our Thomas, but only one of several men
named Thomas Daniel I was looking at. By the time of this
conversation, I already knew better than to put my
suspicions in print, but had not learned to be cautious
about sharing them. Live and learn.... Unfortunately, this
erroneous information has now been widely circulated.
DNA evidence has proved that our Daniel line is NOT related to the Middlesex County, VA Daniels. What is really sort of (sort of) amusing about this erroneous identification is that DNA evidence and primary record research has shown that James Daniel, son of William of Middlesex and father of Charles and grandfather of Thomas Daniel b. 1740, was most likely not William Daniel's biological child. Jochebed, a later wife of William, and mother of James, was likely pregnant at the time of her marriage to William and James was the son of her previous husband, who was most likely named Davis. So, if you are listing the parents of Thomas Daniel as Charles and Jane Mickelborough Daniel, please correct this and do not continue spread this incorrect information. Currently, the parents of Thomas are not known, but I think they are....... ;oP
Here, I will give an overview of corrections to my book followed in later sections by how I arrived at these conclusions.
Thomas Daniel signature from Daniel Gilmore probate, 1815
"Situate on the Crab Orchard Fork of Big Muddy Creek about two miles and one half above the mouth of said branch adjoining William Daniels residence on the north."
"Thomas Daniels, of Georgia, built a cabin on the farm now owned by Freeman Means. The next year, 1817, Mr. Daniel's son, Walker Daniels, also came into the county, and chose for his home the land now owned by Rowland Huitt, a short distance east of the Allen improvements."The Huitts, led by John W. Huitt Sr., were in Illinois by 1804 and settled in Madison County, prior to moving to Greene County. The Huitts were originally from Franklin County, Georgia, which may account for Mr. Huitt's confusion about the origins of Thomas and Walker Daniel. That being said, a Thomas Daniel of Greene County, Georgia is mentioned in deed records in Montgomery County, KY, so there may indeed be some connection between our Daniels and the state of Georgia. Huitt's account is very valuable in that it is the only credible identification of a child of Thomas Daniel in records. Rowland Huitt was the son of John Wilkinson Huitt Jr. The Daniel and Huitt families were obviously well acquainted. Descendants of both families are buried in Kane Cemetery in the vicinity where they lived.
Other records for Thomas Daniel:
- Madison County, IL, 1816, Thomas Daniel appointed supervisor of public road
Johnson County, IL
- July 12, 1813, William Daniels witnesses transfer of note by Nathan Hearn to John Venton
- July 12, 1814, William Daniels witnesses transfer of note by Henry Buckenstaff to Nathan Hern.
- November term 1814, Wiliam Daniel vs Daniel Vincent, trespass, John Spann and Charles Murphy securities. (Note: Daniel Vincent was married to William's sister, Elizabeth)
- 1814, William Daniel vs Daniel Vincent, Judgement against plaintiff for costs.
- 1814, William Daniel vs Daniel Vincent, continued.
- 1814, William Daniel, juror. Finding for defendant.
- 1814, William W. Daniel, juror, in case of Susannah Bosin vs Isaac D. Willcox. (Only time he appears as William W. Daniel. It could be that this was actually William "McDaniel", a common transcription error.)
- 1814, Daniel vs Vinson. "Replevin - continued at defendants cost but afterwards the parties came into court and the Plaintiff moved to withdraw his suit and pay costs, except three dollars chargeable as Defendants costs in case of a failure by Plaintiff to prosecute which the Deft. waves. It is considered by the court that the Defendant go hence without delay and recover against the Plaintiff his costs by him and his defense in this behalf expended - and that the Plaintiff maybe taken and & cn."
Alexander County, ILWilliam probably married about 1794-1799 in Madison or Clarke County, KY, but there is nothing to indicate the name of his wife or wives. As he was "living in adultery" between 1827 and 1829, his wife was likely deceased before then. Since there is no probate of his estate, and it seems certain that he had a large family, the names of his children are arrived at by deduction:
- 1819, William Daniel, deed
- 1822, John Humphries vs William Daniel, trespass on case
- 1824, People vs Daniel Abbott, assault and battery of James Daniel
- 1824, People vs James Daniel, assault and battery of Daniel Abbott
- 1824 , 24 May, William Daniel of Johnson County, IL Public Domain Land, Section 14 W1/2S1/4, Township 15S Range 01E (Later in Pulaski)
- 1827, William Daniels vs Edmund Sutton, false warrant
- 1825, Grand jurors list, William Daniels
- 1825, Petit jurors list, James Daniels
- 1826, Petit jurors list, James Daniels
- 1826, Grand jurors, William Daniels
- 1826, Grand jurors, John Daniels
- 1826, Tirey Daniel purchases Public Domain land, Section 15 E2SE, Township 15S, Range 01E
- 1826, Solomon Daniel purchases Public Domain land, Section 14 W2NW, Township 15S, Range 01E
- 1827, 10 October, James Daniels m. Nancy Clanton (dau Charles Clanton)
- 1829, Sion Clanton vs Nancy Clanton.They were married "many" years ago." Sion claimed she had been living in adultery with William Daniels since Dec. 1827.
- 1830 Alexander County, IL census (alphabetical), James Daniels, age 20-29.
- 1832, 1 March, Roderick McLeod m. Margaret Martin Daniels
- 1834, 2 April,Solomon Daniels m. Serena Powers
- 1837, James Daniel purchases Public Domain land, Section 3 SENW, Township 15S, Range 01E
- 1838, December, William Micham m. Elizabeth Daniels
- 1840 Alexander County, IL census, James Daniels, age 30-39.
- 1840 Alexander County, IL census, William Daniels age 20-29.
Mentions of Elizabeth in records are sketchy. Elizabeth first appears in records when she married Daniel Vincent on 15 September 1809 in Randolph County, Indiana Territory. Her brother Walker married Martha Vincent in 1812, possibly a sister or other relative of Daniel. When Elizabeth's father administered the estate of Daniel Gilmore in 1815 in Madison County, "Mrs. Vincent" and "Mrs. Daniel" made purchases at the estate sale. A Daniel "Vinson" appears in tax lists in Montgomery County, KY at the same time as Thomas, so he may have accompanied the Daniel family to Illinois. Daniel Vincent does not appear in the 1810 Territorial census. I suspect he and Elizabeth may be one of the older males and females in the home of William Daniels. The Vincents were not in the 1818 or 1820 censuses. That is pretty much all that is known about her. There was a Daniel Vincent in the 1830 census of Tazewell County, IL, but he is much too young to be the husband of Elizabeth, but could be her child.
Walker Daniel signature from Joseph King
probate, Green County, IL 1826
Walker Daniel first
appears by name in records on 2 August 1810 when he was
appointed an Ensign in the Third Regiment of
Militia of Randolph County, Illinois Territory. He
served as a Lieutenant in the War of 1812 in Captain
Owen Evans' Company of Illinois Rangers in 1813 and
1814. His widow submitted a request for bounty land
warrant (BWT 83772 40-50) for Walker's service in 1851.
In the request, she notes that her maiden name was
Martha Vincent and she and Walker Daniel were married on
3 July 1812 in Union County, Illinois. It also gives
Walker's date of death as 5 February 1829 in Greene
County, IL. Walker purchased Public Domain land in what
is now Williamson County, IL adjoining his father and
brother 1814, and again between 1814-1821 purchased
Public Domain land in Madison and Greene Counties,
Illinois. A history of Jersey and Greene Counties, IL
reported that Walker came to Greene County because his
father, Thomas Daniel lived there. Walker was very
active in Greene County, IL and seemed on the way to
becoming a prominent citizen there before his untimely
death around the age of forty. The probate of his estate
reported substantial property, including building
materials, including a substantial quantity of brick
(1,700 bricks), so he may have been in the process of
building a brick home at the time of his death. Several
descendants of Walker Daniel spell their name "Dannel".
Nathan Daniel purchased land from Walker and Martha
Daniel and is the co-administrator of Walker's estate in
1828, so Martha may have been mistaken in the year of
Walker's death in the Bounty Land application. The
inventory of Walker Daniel's estate was returned in
March 1828, so he likely died 5 February 1828, not 1829.
Patsy had remarried to William Larue by 1851, so seems
to have fibbed about that in the application. Her
tombstone, does list her as "Martha Dannels wife of
Walker Dannels", though.
The probate of Walker Daniel lists his
children living at the time of his death:
A descendant of Walker Daniel is
participating in the Daniel DNA project.
Time line for Walker Daniel:
A descendant of Nathan Daniel is
participating in the Daniel DNA project.
James Miller born ca 1785 in Virginia d. in 1859 in Edgar County, IL, married ca 1809 in Montgomery County, KY Sarah (?) born ca 1790-1795 KY d. after 1860. James Miller moved to Edgar County in 1834, according to the biography of James Miller Jr. in The History of Edgar County, Illinois, 1879. James left a will naming only son James Jr. as his heir and executor, but he obviously had other children. James and Sarah may have had:
- Eliza Jane Miller born ca 1810 Montgomery County, KY m. Merrick Porter 28 July 1837 Edgar County, IL.
- Robert Miller b. ca 1818 Montgomery County, KY m. Lucy LNU
- James Miller Jr. b. 12 October 1825 Montgomery County, KY m. Sarilda Sims (his mother and sister Evaline living with him in 1870)
- Evaline Miller b. ca 1831 Montgomery County, KY, unmarried
Vincent Miller/Milner b. ca 1787 KY d. September 1835 Edgar County, IL, son of Nicholas Miller and Hannah Webb. He married Elizabeth (Else?) Kinman in 1806 in Harrison County, KY. He died intestate in Edgar County, where his estate is probated. His wife Elizabeth is named in the estate records. The sale bill of his estate includes numerous purchasers, including Elizabeth Milner, Thomas Milner and Nicholas Milner. Thomas Milner made several deeds with Estridge Milner, after Estridge came of legal age, and Thomas and Estridge were enumerated next to one another in census records, so it seems likely he was of this family.
- Thomas J. Miller b. ca 1810 Harrison County, KY m. Mary Catherine Morgan, dau Wells Morgan
- Nicholas Miller b. ca 1815 Harrison County, KY m. Jane Clark, son Vincent and other children
- Rebecca J. Miller b. ca 1822 Kentucky m. Roland V. Morgan, son Wells Morgan
- Estridge Miller b. ca 1824 Harrison County, KY m. Sarilda Morgan, dau Wells Morgan, son Vincent and other children
Estridge "Doc" Miller died 22 March 1901 near Newport, Vermillion County IL and is buried in the Franklin Cemetery in Edgar County, IL along with several of his children and other relatives, though I could not locate any markers for them when I visited the cemetery and suspect there are none. Estridge and Sarilda had:
- Vincent b. 1842
- Wells b. 1846
- Artemesia b. 1847
- William Henry b. 1849
- Mary b. 1852
- Charles b. 1853
- John b. 1855
- Francis Marion b. 1856
- Thomas b. 1859
- Stephen b. 1861
- Joseph b. 1865
It still seems possible that
there is some connection between the Miller/Milner
family of Harrison County, KY and the Daniel family
of Montgomery County, KY but I have not found the
link. There may also be some connection between
James and Vincent Miller/Milner, but again I have
not been able to identify what it may be, either.
In 2014 I started getting
autosomal matches on Ancestry.com to an
Elizabeth Daniel(s) 12 December 1795 - 1
September 1862 who had married William Belford
1789-1872 about 1813 in Illinois. The Belfords
lived in Pope County, IL from its creation in
1816 until their deaths. Elizabeth's middle name
is often given as Narcissa. I can find no proof
that Elizabeth's surname was Daniel or Daniels
or that her middle name was Narcissa. This seems
to come from family tradition. William and
Elizabeth had: Isabella, John, Louisa Jane, Mary
Ann, Benjamin, Delilah, Elizabeth Narcissa,
Lucinda, Samuel Lock and James Belford. Pope
County is located in the southern tip of
Illinois and was created in 1816 from Gallatin
and Johnson Counties. Descendants of Thomas
Daniel 1750-1825 appear in early records of
Johnson County. It is possible that Elizabeth
Daniel was a granddaughter of Thomas 1750-1825,
perhaps a daughter of William 1775-1829. I am
still researching this family, but early records
for this region are sparse.